Whether you need to format an internal drive, an external drive, a USB flash drive or a Windows SD card, you will be asked to provide the formatting format, which can be FAT32 exFAT and NTFS. The dialog box for formatting in Windows does not explain the difference between these formats, so we'll do it with this guide.FAT32 the older file system, which is more prearranged for USB flash drives and other external units.
Windows uses NTFS for its system unit and also ideal for the other indoor units. exFAT a modern FAT32 replacement, while more and more devices support the NTFS format, although not as widespread as FAT32. If you want to know the difference between FAT32 exFAT and NTFS and choose them for formatting your pendrive, read on.
Difference between FAT32 exFAT and NTFS
FAT32 the oldest file system among those mentioned. It was introduced with Windows 95 to replace the even older FAT16 file system.
This file system has advantages and disadvantages. Just because it is so old, it has become the de-facto standard. The Flash Units you buy are often formatted with FAT32 for maximum compatibility not only with modern computers, but also with other devices such as game consoles and anything that has a USB port.
For, this format has legal restrictions on the age. The individual files on a FAT32 drive cannot be more than 4 GB in size – that is the maximum allowed by this format. A FAT32 partition must have a size less than 8 TB and may be a minor limitation, but the prevailing limitation if you have a new high capacity disk.
Although this file system is fine for USB flash drives and other external media, it is not used for an internal drive. The authorizations and other security features built into the most modern NTFS file system are missing. Modern versions of Windows can no longer be installed on a FAT32 formatted version, and must only be installed on NTFS formatted disks.
Compatibility: Works with all versions of Windows, Mac, Linux, game consoles, and virtually any device with a USB port.
Limitations: 4 GB maximum file size, 8 TB maximum partition size.
Ideal use:to be used on removable drives for maximum compatibility with the widest range of devices, as long as you do not have any files of 4 GB or larger.
NTFS the modern file system that Windows prefers to use. When installing Windows, you must format the system drive with the NTFS file system. The NTFS format foresees theoretically enormous file sizes and departments, which do not allow incurring in incompatibility. NTFS appears for the first time in consumer versions of Windows XP.
In addition to these limitations, NTFS is full of other modern features. Supports file permissions for security, a registrelo that can help you recover errors quickly if your computer crashes, shadow copies for backups, encryption, disk quota limits, hard links, and other features. Many of these are crucial for the operating system drive – in particular file hyperlinks.
The Windows system partition must necessarily be in NTFS format. If you have a secondary disk together with Windows and plan to install programs on it, you will probably have to format this in NTFS format as well.
The big limitation of an NTFS formatted drive that is not compatible with other operating systems. It is compatible with all recent versions of Windows – up to Windows XP – but has limited compatibility with other operating systems. By default, Mac OS X can read NTFS drives, but not write to them. Some versions of Linux may allow writing to a secondary NTFS disk, but others may be read-only. None of Sony's PlayStation consoles support NTFS. Even Microsoft's Xbox 360 cannot read NTFS disks, even if the new Xbox allows it.
Compatibility: It works with all versions of Windows, while the default Mac only works in reading, and works insola by default even with some Linux versions. Other devices – except for Microsoft Xbox One – probably won't support NTFS.
Limitations: No real limit of partition sizes.
Ideal use:Used for the Windows system unit and other internal units that can be used with Windows.
The format exFAT was introduced in 2006, and was added with previous versions of Windows, starting with Windows XP and Windows Vista updates. It is a file system optimized for flash drives. It is designed to be a lightweight system file like FAT32, without all the additional features of NTFS, but without the limitations of FAT32.
Like NTFS, exFAT has file and department sizes with very high limits. This means that you can store files that are larger than 4 GB each if they are formatted with exFAT on a flash drive or SD card. The exFAT format is a rigorous FAT32 update, and should be the best choice for external drives where you want a lightweight file system with no file size limitations like those found in FAT32.
exFAT even more compatible than NTFS. Even if Mac OS X includes read-only support for NTFS, Mac offers full read-write support for exFAT. The exFAT units are compatible with the Linux operating system by installing appropriate software.
The exFAT format compatible with Maced also with some devices that do not support NTFS, such as digital cameras – even if they are not yet fully compatible. Also, Microsoft's Xbox 360 is not supported, while the Xbox is. Several other older devices can only support FAT32 and nonexFAT.
Compatibility: Works with all modern versions of Mac OS X and Windows, but requires additional software on Linux. Devices support exFAT instead of NTFS, but some – especially the older ones – can only support FAT32.
Limitations: No real limit of partition sizes.
Ideal use: Used for USB flash drives and other external drives, especially if you need to store files with over 4 GB in size.
FAT32 exFAT and NTFS are three formats with different characteristics, NTFS ideal for indoor units, while exFAT generally ideal for flash units. However, it may sometimes be necessary to format an external drive with FAT32 if exFAT not supported on a device.