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Difference between Solar Eclipse and Lunar Eclipse

Eclipse alludes to the blockage of light from one astronomical object through the passage of another in the middle of it. an event in which three celestial bodies, ie the sun, the moon and the earth are in tandem. When the moon in the middle of the sun and the earth, a solar eclipse occurs, and if the earth is between the sun and the moon, the case of the lunar eclipse.

The reason for the occurrence of the eclipse that there are two points where the moon's orbit passes through the solar plane called as nodes. When the earth travels along its orbit, these points are in alignment with the sun, and it happens about twice a year. Read this article to better understand the difference between the solar eclipse and the lunar eclipse.

Comparative chart

Basis for comparison Solar Eclipse Lunar Eclipse
Sense The solar eclipse is the one in which the sun is blocked by the moon. The lunar eclipse refers to the eclipse in which the moon appears dim, as it passes in the shadow of the earth.
Position The moon is located between the sun and the earth The earth is located between the sun and the moon
Frequency Once every eighteen months. Twice a year
occurence Occurs during the day Occurs overnight
Phase New moon full moon
Duration 5-7 minutes An hour
Appearance It appears only in some places. It appears in many places.

Definition of Solar Eclipse

Solar Eclipse, as the name suggests, the shadow of the sun on the moon. It occurs when the moon crosses the plane of the sun as it orbits the earth and comes in front of the sun, which obscures its view partially or entirely.

Thus, in the end, it blocks the sunlight from falling on the earth and thanks to which some parts of the earth are under the shadow of the moon and causes the solar eclipse. This event occurs only during the new moon when the moon in the middle of the sun and the earth. You can see the figure below:

There are three types of solar eclipse:

  • Total Solar Eclipse : When the moon completely covers the Sun and its shadow and penumbra are thrown on Earth, then the total solar eclipse is called.
  • Partial solar eclipse : if the moon covers only a part of the Sun and only its penumbra launched on Earth, then this known as Partial Lunar Eclipse.
  • Annular Solar Eclipse : the situation in which the disk of the moon covers the center if the disk of the sun and its antumbra are launched on Earth.

Definition of Lunar Eclipse

The lunar eclipse, in simpler terms, can be described as the eclipse of the moon, in which it is located behind the earth and forms a perfect alignment with the sun and the earth. We all know that the moon does not have its light and reflects the light of the sun. Hence, when the earth moves between the sun and the moon, as it orbits the sun, the lunar eclipse occurs, in which the earth casts its shadow on the moon.

Therefore, it eventually blocks the sunlight from falling on the moon, due to which the moon appears darkened. This only appears during the full moon when it passes through the shadow of the earth, that is, umbra or penumbra. You can see the figure provided below:

  • Total Lunar Eclipse : When the earth completely covers the moon and blocks the light to reach the moon, the total lunar eclipse is called.
  • Eclipse partial lunar: the partial lunar eclipse when the moon enters the shadow of the earth, but not completely, so that the sunlight partially reaches the moon.
  • Penumbral lunar eclipse : this happens when the moon penetrates the penumbra of the earth, but the light of the sun reaches it because this region is not completely obscured by the sun's rays.

Key differences between Solar Eclipse and Lunar Eclipse

The difference between the solar eclipse and the lunar eclipse can be clearly traced in the following premises:

  1. A solar eclipse described as the sun's eclipse, which is where the sun obscured by the moon. On the other hand, the lunar eclipse implies the eclipse in which the moon appears dim, as it passes in the shadow of the earth.
  2. In the solar eclipse, the position of the three celestial bodies sun, moon and earth. Vice versa, in the case of the lunar eclipse, the position of these the sun, the earth and the moon.
  3. A solar eclipse occurs every 18 months, that is 1, 5 years. On the other hand, the lunar eclipse that takes place twice a year.
  4. Since the solar eclipse the solar eclipse, it occurs during the day. On the contrary, the lunar eclipse occurs during the night, because the eclipse of a moon.
  5. The solar eclipse occurs in the new moon phase, but the lunar eclipse occurs during the full moon.
  6. The solar eclipse lasts 5-7 minutes, while the lunar eclipse lasts a few years.
  7. A solar eclipse can only be observed in a small area, while the lunar eclipse can be seen in the relatively larger area.
  8. If you see the solar eclipse directly, that is, through naked eyes, there is a risk of loss of visibility as it damages the retina. On the contrary, it is safe to see the lunar eclipse through naked eyes.

Conclusion

We are all aware that the earth revolves around the sun and the moon revolves around the earth. Because of this, there are a few moments in a year when these three are in tandem and shapes and the exact and almost straight line called Syzygy.