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Difference between manure and fertilizer

Difference between manure and fertilizer

Agriculture is one of the primary occupations of all countries in the world. In fact, we mainly depend on agriculture for our daily needs. To increase agricultural products, farmers work to improve soil fertility, which is possible by adding manure and fertilizer. Manure is refers to the natural substance obtained from the decomposition of plant and animal waste such as cow dung, etc.

On the other hand, i fertilizers are the chemicals that can be added to the soil to increase its nutrient content. If you are planning for agriculture, you should know ways to improve soil fertility. So, take a read of this article where we have simplified the difference between manure and fertilizer.

Comparative chart

Basis for comparison Manure Fertilizer
Sense Manure is a natural material, obtained from the decomposition of plant and animal waste, which can be applied to the soil to increase its fertility. Fertilizer is a natural or artificial substance, which can be added to the soil to improve its fertility and increase productivity.
Preparation Prepared in the fields Prepared in factories
Humus Provides humus to the soil. It does not provide humus to the soil.
Nutrients Comparatively less rich in plant nutrients. Rich in plant nutrients.
Absorption Slowly absorbed by plants Quickly absorbed by plants
Cost cheap expensive
Collateral effect There is no side effect, in fact it improves the physical condition of the soil. It causes damage to the living organism present in the soil.

Definition of manure

Manure can be described as a natural substance, derived from the decomposition of animal dung or crop residues. To prepare manure, farmers unload plant and animal waste into pits in open areas, to decompose it, with the help of microorganisms. The matter thus obtained after decomposition called organic fertilizer. rich in organic material but contains few nutrients for the plant.

Manure considered very useful for increasing soil fertility, increasing its ability to retain water, improving soil consistency and increasing the number of friendly microbes. In addition, manure makes the soil porous, which facilitates the exchange of gas.

Definition of fertilizer

As evident from the name, fertilizer is a natural or synthetic substance that contains many plant nutrients that are necessary for the growth and productivity of plants. It is applied to the soil to increase crop yield, such as wheat, corn, paddy, etc.

There are two types of fertilizers: organic fertilizer and synthetic fertilizer. Organic fertilizers are those made of natural materials such as composted plant materials, peat moss, bones, algae etc. Synthetic fertilizers are inorganic ones which are industrial chemicals, which dissolve easily in water and are used immediately by plants when added to soil

Fertilizer not only improves soil fertility, but also replaces the chemicals used by previous crops from the soil. However, the excessive use of synthetic fertilizers can damage the effectiveness of the soil.

Examples of fertilizers are urea, superphosphate, potassium, NPK (nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium) etc.

Key differences between manure and fertilizer

The difference between manure and fertilizer can be clearly traced for the following reasons:

  1. Manure can be described as an organic material prepared by the decomposition of crop residues or animal excrement, which can be added to the soil to improve its fertility. Otherwise, the fertilizer described as any substance (organic or inorganic), which is added to the soil, increases the yield of the crops.
  2. Manure is prepared in the field, unloading the animal and plant waste into open pits, to decompose it. On the contrary, fertilizers are produced in factories through the chemical procedure.
  3. Since manure is generated from decomposed plants and animal waste, it supplies humus to the soil, which increases the soil's water retention capacity. Unlike fertilizer, it does not provide humus to the soil.
  4. Manure is not as rich as fertilizers in terms of plant nutrients, as fertilizers are rich in plant nutrients.
  5. Since water insoluble manure is slowly absorbed by the soil. On the other hand, fertilizers dissolve easily in water, which is why it is immediately used by plants.
  6. While cheap manure, as it can be prepared by the farmers themselves, fertilizers are industrially produced chemicals; expensive
  7. Manure does not cause any damage to the soil; in fact, it increases the quality of the soil in the long run. On the contrary, the use of excess fertilizers can reduce the effectiveness of the soil, as well as cause damage to the organism present in the soil.


Since the fertilizer is a chemical, there are special instructions that must be followed when adding it to the soil. On the other hand, there are no such instructions to follow when adding manure to the soil.

Furthermore, the excessive use of fertilizers can reduce soil fertility and also leads to water pollution, therefore better to replace the fertilizer with manure, since manure is an organic substance, which respects the environment and also recycles the waste of plants and animals.