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Difference between IAS and IPS

Difference between IAS and IPS

IAS and IPS are the two most demanding jobs in India, which not only give power and position, but have certain duties towards the nation and responsibility towards society. The Indian Administrative Service (IAS) Considered the high level civil service work offered to those candidates who pass the civil service exam.

The best alternative after IAS the Indian Police Service (IPS), that also a dream job of many Indian citizens, but a technical job, which requires the maintenance of peace and order in the state and direct interaction with anti-social elements.

The Civil Service Exam is the toughest exam, which takes place in India, on three levels, namely Preliminary, Network and Interview, by the Union Public Service Commission. Hires various officials for various positions in government departments which include the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), the Indian Police Service (IPS), the Indian Engineering Service (IES), the Indian Foreign Service (IFS), etc.

The excerpt from the article will help you understand the difference between IAS and IPS.

Comparative chart

Basis for comparisonIASIPS
Sense An IAS refers to primary civil services in India, which function as the administrative branch of All India Services. An IPS implies the protective arm of All India Services, whose cadres are taken over by both the central and state governments.
Role An IAS manager responsible for public administration and policy formulation and implementation. An IPS agent takes responsibility for maintaining law and order, and for preventing and investing crime in the area.
Breakdown of candidates Those candidates who hold the top rank in the civil service exam. After the appointment of an IAS, the other high-level holders are appointed IPS.
Training academy Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussorie, Uttarakhand. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy, Hyderabad, Telangana.
Supervisory authority of the Cadre Department of Personnel and Training, Ministry of Personnel, Public Complaints and Pensions. Ministry of Internal Affairs, Government of India.
departments An IAS official works in several departments and ministries. An IPS officer works in the police department.
salaries tall Relatively low
Number of officers in an area One More than one
Rank in the hierarchy Higher After IAS

IAS information

IAS stands for Indian Administrative Service, formerly called Imperial Civil Service, the bureaucratic wing of All India Services. A person can become an IAS, not only by qualifying the Civil Services exam but also by obtaining a high rank in it. The review conducted annually by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).

When a candidate qualifies the IAS exams, he is appointed sub-divisional magistrate for the probationary period. After the completion of that period, the officer promoted as Magistrate and District Collector for a few years, after which the officer will assume the position of Division Commissioner, who heads the entire division of the State. An IAS official may also be placed at the top level in the central government as joint secretary, deputy secretary, secretary and cabinet secretary.

The main tasks of an IAS official are the formulation of policies and their implementation, public administration, governance of the secretariat and so on. An IAS official responsible for revenue collection and also works as a court to resolve revenue issues. also responsible for implementing the policies formulated by the Center and the state.

About IPS

The Indian Police Service or IPS, formerly known as the Indian Imperial Police, is the highest-ranking officer in the police department. An IPS officer is the qualified Civil Service candidate who serves the nation by guiding the police force at both the state and central levels.

An IPS officer also the leader and commander of Indian intelligence agencies and central police organizations such as the Intelligence Bureau (IB), Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF), Border Security Forces (BSF), Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) , Research and Analysis Wing (RAW), National Security Gaurd, Vigilance Organization, etc.

The core duties of an IPS officer include law enforcement, public order, crime investigation and security intelligence. The Ministry of the Interior (MHS) deals with the management of cadres and political decisions regarding the structure of cadres, hiring, appointment, replacement, salary, allowances and requirements, etc.

Key differences between IAS and IPS

The difference between IAS and IPS can be clearly expressed for the following reasons:

  1. IAS or otherwise referred to as Indian administrative services is the high level civil service, which acts as the administrative wing of All India Services (AIS). On the contrary, IPS stands for Indian Police Service, one of the three branches of All India Services, whose cadres are appointed both by the Center and by the States.
  2. An IAS official takes care of public administration and policy formulation and implementation, after discussing with the minister of the respective department. Conversely, an IPS officer deals with peace and order in the area where he is placed. Along with this also responsible for crime investigation, detection and prevention in that area
  3. The IAS the first choice of the majority of aspirants of the Civil Service, as well as the high-level holders in the Exam, are nominated IAS, while the second highly preferred alternative IPS and after having appointed an officer as IAS, the first classified are published as an officer IPS.
  4. IAS officer training given to Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussoorie, Uttarakhand. On the other hand, IPS officials are trained at the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy, Hyderabad, Telangana.
  5. The Cadre Controlling Authority, IAS, Department of Personnel and Training, Ministry of Personnel, Public Complaints and Pensions. On the contrary, the Ministry of Interior, the Government of India, the supervisory authority of the IPS cadres.
  6. While an IPS officer works in the police department, an IAS officer has the opportunity to work with various government departments and ministries.
  7. When it comes to wages, the salary of an IAS officer comparatively higher than that of an IPS officer.
  8. There is only one IAS officer in an area, however, depending on the level of crime and the area of ​​the district, the number of IPS officers in an area may vary.
  9. The IAS officer is superior to an IPS official, since an IPS official reports to the IAS of the area.


The eligibility criteria are identical for both positions, i.e. the candidate must be a citizen of India, graduated from a recognized university and have reached the age of 21.

In general, both posts are very inspiring in nature, as the two encourage you to serve your nation. Thousands of students appear each year for the UPSC exam and study 24 7 to become an IAS or IPS officer. These titles not only hold power and authority, but also confer recognition and respect in society.