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Difference between coordination and cooperation

Coordination yes reports to the organization of all activities in an orderly manner, to achieve unanimity of individual efforts in pursuit of group objectives. The downside, the cooperation a discretionary act of people to work together or help each other, for mutual benefit. a joint effort by members working in the organization to achieve a defined goal.

3Cs are vital for teamwork: coordination, cooperation and collaboration. It is quite common to misrepresent coordination for cooperation, as both are essential for effective management functioning. So, the article presented makes you an attempt to shed light on the differences between coordination and cooperation.

Comparative chart

Basis for comparison Coordination Cooperation
SenseCoordination is the systematic arrangement of the various management elements so as to ensure smooth operation.The cooperation described as the act of working together or conforming to standards, to achieve a common goal.
What is it?It is part of the management process. voluntary activity.
Time horizonLong termShort term
activitiesPerformed in high level managementPerformed at each level

Definition of coordination

By coordination, we mean a process, used by management to synchronize various activities within the organization. the force that connects all the other functions performed by management, namely planning, management, organization, control, staff organization, management, etc., in order to make the best use of the organization's resources.

Coordination plays a fundamental role in maintaining regularity in operations such as purchasing, production, sales, human resources, marketing, finance and so on, as the common thread that connects all the activities. something that is innate in all management functions. The process aims at the systematic management of individual or group efforts in order to guarantee unanimity in action, in achieving common objectives.

Features of coordination

  • Integration of individual and group efforts.
  • It guarantees harmony of action.
  • Pervasive and deliberate activity
  • Continuous function

Definition of cooperation

We define cooperation as a discretionary activity in which two or more people come together and work together in pursuit of common goals. In this process, members of the organization make joint efforts to reap mutual benefits. Therefore, provided that each participant actively participates in the group activity, only then can they be better.

The cooperation exists at all levels of the organization and takes place between the members of the organization. In addition to business, cooperation also takes place nationally and internationally, that is, between different states and countries around the world.

Through cooperation, information can be easily shared among participants, which increases the knowledge base, the work done and the resources, in an expert way.

Key differences between coordination and cooperation

The following points are noteworthy regarding the difference between coordination and cooperation:

  1. The systematic arrangement and synchronization of the different management elements to ensure smooth operation are known as coordination. The act of working together or conforming to standards, for the realization of common goals, called cooperation.
  2. Coordination is a fundamental management activity; which helps achieve harmony in action between the organization's various interdependent activities and departments. On the contrary, cooperation depends on the will of each person, that is, to collaborate or help someone voluntarily, to achieve common goals.
  3. Coordination is an elaborate process, performed to integrate different activities of the organization. Conversely, cooperation is a natural process, which is not planned in advance, but occurs spontaneously, out of mutual respect.
  4. Coordination is a continuous function of management. So in the long run. On the contrary, the collaboration of people is necessary to carry out an activity or an activity, therefore, only for a short period.
  5. Coordination can lead to the establishment of a formal and informal relationship. Otherwise, cooperation gives rise to the informal relationship between individuals.
  6. In coordination, there is open communication between all members of the organization. On the contrary, tacit communication takes place between cooperating individuals.
  7. Coordination of activities is carried out in higher level management, while cooperation is carried out at each level.


There is the final number of advantages of coordination, which includes independence of activities, synergy and specialization. On the other hand, cooperation associates people to work together, which increases the knowledge base, resources, reduces the costs and efforts of individuals.

So both activities should go hand in hand, as cooperation without coordination is only a waste of effort. Likewise, coordination without cooperation will cause dissatisfaction among the members.