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In France, a record fine of 1.1 billion euros for Apple

As anticipated, the French competition authority has applied a record 1.1 billion euro penalty to Apple, found guilty of anti-competitive practices. Two wholesale distributors involved in the matter, Tech Data is Ingram Micro, were fined respectively with penalties of 62.9 million and 76.1 million euro. The French MacG reports that the authority had been called to investigate in 2012 by the Apple Premium Reseller (APR) eBizcuss.

Apple and its two wholesalers have agreed not to compete and prevent distributors from competing with each other, thereby sterilizing the wholesale market for Apple products, says Isabelle de Silva, president of the French competition authority. The other anti-competitive practice contested by Apple concerns the sales prices imposed on the Apple Premium Resellers (signed APR), a practice that would have meant for end consumers, an alignment of the sales prices of Apple products with almost half of the retail market of Apple products.

Furthermore, Apple, accused of abusing the economic dependence of the APR, forced to submit to unfair and unfavorable commercial conditions compared to the Apple Store, the Authority explains, with the effect of weakening or even eliminating some APR from the market, as in the eBizcuss case, closed in 2012.

France, a record 1.1 billion euro fine to Apple for anti-competitive practicesGraphic designer of the competition authority.

The list of objections raised by the long regulatory authority. For example, one of the common complaints of the APRs that do not always receive new products at the Apple Stores simultaneously. The president of the APR association speaks of a real Apple exclusion strategy.

Apple has announced that it will appeal. The disappointing competition authority's decision told an Apple spokesperson to CNBC, explaining that it refers to practices dating back more than a decade and does not take into account thirty years of legal precedents on which all French companies rely . This decision, according to the spokesman for the multinational company in Cupertino, will create chaos for companies in all sectors. We absolutely do not agree with them and we intend to appeal.