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Difference between control unit and management unit

enero 4, 2020

Henry Fayol, mining engineer and executive from France, who listed 14 Principles of Management. Two of these management theories are Command Units and Direction Units. Unity of Command proclaims that each employee responsible towards a supervisor and then receives orders from him relating to the activity to be performed.

Unity of Directionon the other hand, it means that the series of activities with similar objectives should be carried out as from a single plan and even by a single leader.

The command unit related to the effective functioning of subordinates in the organization. In contrast to the management unit, it indicates that every unit in the organization should be aligned towards the same goal, through organized efforts. In the given article, you can discover all the substantial differences between the command unit and the direction unit.

Comparative chart

Base for comparison Command unit Direction unit
SenseCommand unit refers to a management principle that establishes that an incumbent should receive orders and report to a chief.The unity of direction is a management principle which implies that all activities with the same objective must have a head and a plan.
PurposeTo avoid double subordination.To prevent activities from overlapping.
It focuses onSingle employeeEntire organization
ResultThe principle leads to the effective functioning of subordinates.The principle results in coordinating the work of various employees.
ReportIt represents the relationship between superior and subordinate.Represents the relationship of activities, as per organizational plans and objectives.
Need necessary to establish the responsibility of each person in the organization. necessary for a good organization of the activities.

Control unit definition

Unity of Command is a management principle, given by Henry Fayol, which states that every subordinate in a formal organization should receive an order and report to a superior. According to this principle, double subordination completely ignored, i.e. an employee will be responsible for a supervisor, who in turn reports to the manager and the chain continues. The person to whom the employee should be responsible directly above the position of the employee, called as the immediate boss.

Unity of Command translates into less confusion and chaos regarding the activity assigned to the employee and translates into an effective performance of the functions. Indicates an integrated instruction system, so as to impose the command. The doctrine is based on the assumption that an employee cannot accept orders from more than one boss.

Definition of direction units

Unity of Direction is another management principle established by the French mining executive Henry Fayol, stating that there must be only one upper floor and one plan for a series of activities that aim to achieve the same objective. Based on this principle, tasks that are aligned towards the same goal should be led by a manager, using a single plan.

The management unit, the result of a solid organizational structure, leads to unity of action and coordination in pursuit of the organization's final objective.

Key differences Control unit and direction unit

The difference between the control unit and the direction unit can be clearly expressed for the following reasons:

  1. A management principle proposed by Henry Fayol, which states that an employee should receive orders and report to a boss, the command unit. On the contrary, a management principle which implies that all activities with the same objective must be led by one person as well as by a single unit of the management unit.
  2. Unity of command avoids subordination from multiple supervisors. On the contrary, Unity of Direction avoids the implication of activities.
  3. While the main goal of the command unit is the individual employee, the goal of the command unit is the entire organization.
  4. The command unit doctrine leads to the effective functioning of subordinates. On the other hand, the doctrine of the management unit translates into the coordination of the work of various employees.
  5. Unity of Command indicates a relationship between superior and subordinate. On the contrary, the management unit shows the relationship of the activities, as per organizational plans and objectives.
  6. The command unit necessary for an organization in order to establish the responsibility of each subordinate in pursuing the common objectives of the organization. Unlike the management unit necessary for the sound organization of activities.


Overall, the two management theories are useful for the satisfactory performance of the organization's activities. Command unit only to ignore confusion, disorder and chaos in the tasks assigned by the various superiors. On the flip side, the unit of management is to combine activities with the objectives of the organization.

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