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Difference between revocable and irrevocable trust

diciembre 30, 2019

A trust is a contract between the settlor and the trustee, established for the benefit of a third party. In this contractual provision in which the trustee holds the ownership of the settler, for the good of one or more beneficiaries. There are two types of trust, namely the revocable trust – a trust that can be broken at any time as long as the author survives and irrevocable trust – a trust that cannot be canceled once created.

In a trust, the trustee holds the asset, only as a nominal owner. In India, trusts are governed by the Indian Trust Act of 1882. So before you prepare for creating a trust for your family, first of all, you should learn the main differences between revocable and irrevocable trust.

Comparative chart

Basis for comparison Revocable trust Irrevocable trust
SenseA trust in which cancellation possible during the life of the author can be revoked.A trust whose cancellation is not possible after its entry into force known as an irrevocable trust.
Control and powerControl and power of the transferred resource remain with the colonist.Control and power of the transferred resource do not remain with the colonist.
ObjectiveRemove the approval.Eliminate property tax.
Alteration of termsIt can be changed at any time.It cannot be changed
Protection of propertyNos

Definition of Revocable Trust

Revocable trust refers to trust that can be changed and canceled at any time during the life of the trust owner. Trust has two purposes at the same time, namely before the trust owner remains the owner of the transferred asset and exercises control over it, secondly, the property will be handed over to the appointed beneficiary after his death. Since the asset belongs to the property of the grantor, it is taxable.

On the event of the disappearance of the grantor, the revocable trust becomes an irrevocable trust.

The main objective of the revocable trust is to avoid the succession process, or to ensure an easy transfer of the asset to the intended beneficiaries.

Definition of irrevocable trust

An irrevocable trust is a trust that cannot be modified / modified / altered / terminated by the grantor once the trust deed signed and enters into force. Once the resource has been transferred to the trust, it cannot be canceled. Therefore, the grantor cannot exercise control over the business.

The main reason behind signing an irrevocable trust that offers maximum asset protection from creditors, as the business no longer belongs to the owner of the trust.

The second cause of creating an irrevocable trust is to prevent ownership from being included in the resources of the trust owner. In this way, in the event of the death of the grantor, it provides protection of the property within the trust from the property tax.

Key differences between revocable and irrevocable trust

The important points of difference between revocable and irrevocable trust are indicated below:

  1. Revocable trust a type of trust that can be canceled at any time, until the author's survival. An irrevocable trust is a type of trust that cannot be canceled once it enters into force.
  2. Despite the transfer of the asset, the trust owner can exercise his control and power over the transferred property. On the other hand, in an irrevocable trust, the settlor cannot exercise his control and power over the assets within the trust.
  3. The main purpose of the formation of the revocable trust is to eliminate the approval and in the event that the irrevocable trust to provide protection against inheritance tax, since the property transferred to the trust does not remain part of the property of the author.
  4. The terms of the contract can be changed or changed at any time during the life of the trust owner in a revocable trust, while the terms of an irrevocable trust cannot be changed.
  5. Irrevocable trust provides protection of assets from creditors. By contrast, revocable trust does not provide such property protection.


As everything has its positive and negative aspects and the same is the case of revocable and irrevocable trust. While the former prevents type approval, the latter protects assets and avoids property tax. So if the trust owner wants to make a choice between these two types of trust, he must first make it clear that what he wants from the trust, only then can the goals of the trust owner be met. Before joining a trust, you should consult an expert who will advise you about the latest amendments in the trust act.

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