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Difference between hypothesis and theory

L' hypothesis the fundamental tool for conducting research. It proposes new experiments and observations and indeed most of the experiments undertaken, with the sole purpose of testing the hypothesis. a proactive explanation for the occurrence of a particular phenomenon, the development of which is based on specific tests.

Due to insufficient knowledge, many mistakenly interpret prediction hypotheses, which is wrong, since these two are completely different. Prediction a prediction of future events, which is sometimes based on evidence or, sometimes, on a person's instinct or instinctive feeling. So take a look at the article presented below, which works out the difference between hypothesis and prediction.

Comparative chart

Basis for comparison HypothesisPredition
Sense The hypothesis implies a proposed explanation for an observable event, made on the basis of established facts, as an introduction to further investigations. The prediction refers to a statement, which says or estimates something, which will happen in the future.
What is it? A temporary assumption, which can be tested through scientific methods. A statement made in advance about what is expected to happen next, in the sequence of events.
Guess Plausible hypothesis Pure hypothesis
Based on Facts and tests It may or may not be based on facts or evidence.
Explanation s No
Formulation It takes a long time It takes relatively little time.
It describes A phenomenon, which could be a future or past event / event. Future event / event.
Report Declares the random correlation between the variables. It does not indicate the correlation between the variables.

Definition of hypothesis

In simple terms, the hypothesis means a pure assumption that can be approved or disapproved. For research purposes, the hypothesis defined as a predictive statement, which can be tested and verified using the scientific method. By testing the hypothesis, the researcher can make probability statements about the population parameter. The goal of the hypothesis is to find the solution to a specific problem.

A hypothesis is a mere proposition that is tested to ascertain its validity. Indicates the relationship between an independent variable and a dependent variable. The characteristics of the hypothesis are described as below:

  • It should be clear and precise.
  • It should simply be stated.
  • It must be specific.
  • It should correlate the variables.
  • It should be consistent with the best known facts.
  • It should be able to be tested.
  • It must explain, what it claims to explain.

Definition of forecast

A prediction described as a statement that predicts a future event, which may or may not be based on knowledge and experience, that may be a pure hypothesis based on a person's instinct. defined as an informed hypothesis, when the forecast comes from a person who has extensive knowledge of the subject and uses accurate data and logical reasoning, to make it.

Regression analysis is one of the statistical techniques used for forecasting.

In many multinational corporations, futurists (predictors) are paid a good deal to make predictions about possible events, opportunities, threats or risks. And to do this, the futurists study all past and current events to predict future events. Furthermore, it has a great role to play also in statistics, to draw inferences on a parameter of the population.

Key differences between hypothesis and prediction

The difference between hypothesis and forecast can be clearly drawn for the following reasons:

  1. A proposed explanation for an observable event, established on the basis of established facts, as an introduction to further study, known as a hypothesis. A statement, which says or estimates something that will occur in the future, known as a prediction.
  2. The hypothesis is nothing more than a provisional supposition that can be verified with scientific methods. On the contrary, the prediction is a sort of statement made in advance of what should happen next, in the sequence of events.
  3. While the hypothesis is an intelligent hypothesis, the prediction is a wild hypothesis.
  4. A hypothesis always supported by facts and tests. On the contrary, forecasts are based on the knowledge and experience of the person who does it, but even this is not always the case.
  5. The hypothesis always has an explanation or a reason, while the prediction has no explanation.
  6. The formulation of the hypothesis takes a long time. Conversely, predicting a future event does not take much time.
  7. The hypothesis defines a phenomenon, which can be a future or a past event. Unlike the prediction, which always anticipates the happening or non-happening of a certain event in the future.
  8. The hypothesis states the relationship between independent variable and dependent variable. On the other hand, the prediction does not indicate any relationship between the variables.


To summarize, prediction is only a conjecture to discern the future, while a hypothesis is an advanced proposition for explanation. The first one, can be done by any person, no matter he / she has knowledge in the particular field. The flip side, the hypothesis made by the researcher to find out the answer to a certain question. In addition, the hypothesis must go through various tests, to become a theory.