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Difference between occupation and profession

The occupation

an activity undertaken by the person to earn a living. It can be a business, a profession or a job that a person undertakes to make money. Many think that occupation and profession are synonymous, but the fact that they are different.

The profession an activity that requires specialized training, knowledge, qualifications and skills. It implies belonging to a professional body and a certificate of practice. Individuals who undertake a profession of personalized service provision are called professionals, who are guided by a certain code of conduct, established by the respective body.

The dividing line between occupation and thin and blurred profession. When a professional is paid for his skill or talent, known as an occupation. Check the article for other differences.

Comparative chart

Basis for the comparison Occupation Profession
Sense Employment refers to a person's regular activity for earning bread and butter. A profession an occupation or a vocation that requires a high level of knowledge and competence in the specific field.
Code of Conduct No s
Training Unnecessary obligatory
Regulated by law No s
Base of remuneration To produce Skill and Knowledge
High school education No s
Degree of independence There is no independence. A completely independent professional.
responsibility No s
Respect and state Bass Very high

Definition of employment

Employment refers to the type of economic activity carried out by a person regularly to earn money. When someone engages or occupies himself, most of the time, in any economic activity, that activity known as his occupation.

Example : drivers, shopkeepers, civil servants, office workers, accountants, etc.

An occupation does not necessarily require a school specializing in a particular flow. Both physical and mental jobs are included in an occupation. divided into the following categories:

  • Business: when a person engaged in commercial, commercial or manufacturing activities is said to be doing business.
  • Employment: the occupation in which a person works for others and obtains a fixed income and regular employment.
  • Profession: the occupation in which a person renders services to others, applying his knowledge and skills to a profession.

Definition of profession

A profession an occupation, for which a person must follow a specialized training or internship, to obtain a high degree of education and competence in the area concerned. The main goal of the profession is to provide services to those who need it.

The profession regulated by a professional body or by a statute. To be called as a professional, a person must pursue higher education and qualify for the examination conducted by the governing body. Normally, a professional is said to be an expert in his field. The ethical codes are developed by the professional body which must be followed by the professionals, to guarantee uniformity in their work.

Example : doctors, engineers, lawyers, accountants, etc.

Key differences between employment and profession

The main differences between profession and profession are discussed as below:

  1. An activity performed by a person normally for monetary compensation known as Employment. The profession refers to vocation, in which a high degree of education or skill is required.
  2. Unlike employment, the profession has a code of conduct.
  3. Employment does not require any type of training in a particular field, but the profession requires specialization in a specific area, which is why training is a must.
  4. In general, the profession regulated by a particular or professional statute while an occupation does not.
  5. A person who makes an occupation is paid for what he produces, while a profession is paid according to his knowledge and skills.
  6. The profession is also an occupation when the person is paid for the use of his skills and competences.
  7. An independent professional, that is, his work not influenced by any external force. Conversely, there is a lack of independence in the profession because the person carrying out the occupation must follow the commands of his supervisors.
  8. There are some responsibilities associated with the profession. However, an occupation not supported by these responsibilities.
  9. The basic salary in the profession is normally higher than in the occupation.
  10. Professionals are respected by people and have a high status in society with respect to employment.


After the above discussion, it can be said that employment is a broader term and includes the profession. While employment also includes those jobs that are ordinary and therefore do not get high recognition from society, professionals are primarily known for their work, which is why they receive a high level of respect and recognition from society.