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Difference between culture and civilization

Have you ever wondered why what is poor and in a well-worn clothing that is considered non-civilized, even if it may be the most cultured person and the one in a sophisticated suit, called civilized, but may not have a sense of culture? The culture all about human society, this refers to the knowledge and characteristics of a specific group of people living in a region.

At the other extreme, the civilizations the turning point of human society, which means that the advanced level of social and human development.

People often confuse the terms culture and civilization and end up using them synonymously. Read the article presented before you to get a deeper understanding of the difference between culture and civilization.

Comparative chart

Basis for the comparison Culture Culture
Sense Culture is a term used to indicate the manifestation of the way we think, behave and act. Civilization refers to the process by which a region or society passes an advanced stage of human development and organization.
What is it? end Means
represents What we are? What do we own?
Reflected in Religion, art, dance, literature, customs, morals, music, philosophy, etc. Law, administration, infrastructure, architecture, social organization, etc.
Expression Higher level of inner refinement. Higher level of general development.
Advancement No s
interdependence Culture can grow and exist without civilization. Civilization cannot grow and exist without culture.

Definition of culture

The term "culture" is a Latin origin of the "cultus" world, which refers to the cultivation or refinement of something, so as to provide admiration and respect. In more refined terms, culture the way people live is reflected in the language they spoke, the food they eat, the clothes they wear and the Diety they follow or adore. It expresses the way we think and do things.

In other words, culture is the set of knowledge, experiences and behaviors commonly shared by a group of people. something that a person gains through learning.

Culture includes art, knowledge, beliefs, customs, traditions, customs, festivals, values, attitudes, habits and so on that are inherited by a person as a member of society. all; an individual gets as a member of a social group. It can be seen in literature, music, dance forms, religious practices, dressing style, eating habits, ways of greeting others, fun and entertainment. Different cultures can be found in different places, as it varies from region to region.

Definition of civilization

Civilization is described as a process of civilization or development of the state of human society, to the extent that culture, industry, technology, government, etc. They reach the maximum level. The term "civilization" comes from a Latin term "civis" which means "someone who lives in a city".

The term "civilization" is not limited to the city; rather, it speaks of adopting better ways of life and the best possible use of natural resources, so as to satisfy the needs of the group of people. Furthermore, it underlines the systematization of society into various groups that work collectively and constantly to improve the quality of life, with regards to food, education, clothing, communication, transport and the like.

Key differences between culture and civilization

The following points are noteworthy, as regards the difference between culture and civilization:

  1. The term "culture" refers to the embodiment of the way we think, behave and act. In contrast, the improved stage of human society, where members have a significant amount of social and political organization and development, is called Civilization.
  2. Our culture describes what we are, but our civilization explains what we have or what we use.
  3. Culture is an end; it has no measurement standards. On the contrary, civilization has precise measurement standards, because it is a means.
  4. The culture of a particular region can be reflected in religion, art, dance, literature, customs, morals, music, philosophy, etc. On the other hand, the civilization exposed in the law, administration, infrastructure, architecture, social organization, etc. of that area.
  5. Culture denotes the highest level of inner refinement, and therefore internal. Otherwise, the civilization that external, that is the expression of technology, product, devices, infrastructure and so on to the state of the art.
  6. The change in culture is observed over time, as in old thoughts and traditions lost over time and new ones are added which are then transmitted from one generation to another. On the flip side, civilization is continuously advancing, i.e. the various elements of civilization such as means of transportation, communication, etc. They are developing day by day.
  7. Culture can evolve and thrive, even if civilization does not exist. On the contrary, civilization cannot grow and exist without culture.


Therefore, culture for civilization should not be confused. However, both are created by humans and express the way we have guided our lives. These two provide us with ideas, ideals, values ??and ways to live a decent and generous life.