contador Saltar al contenido

Difference between recruitment and selection


a process of searching for potential candidates and inspiration to request the actual or anticipated offer. On the other hand, Selection a process of hiring employees among the selected candidates and providing them with a job in the organization.

Due to population growth, getting a good job is not an easy task. Employers want the right candidate for the position concerned. The wide offer of workforce has given them the opportunity to select the best talents.

Nowadays, there is a very long procedure for appointing an employee to a post. There are two main phases that can be heard by you hundreds and hundreds of times; they are recruitment and selection. Many of us consider them the same thing. But they are very different in meaning and behavior. Read the article below which explains the difference between recruitment and selection in human resource management (HRM) in table form.

Comparative graph

Basis for comparisonRecruitmentSelection
Sense Recruiting a candidate research activity and encouraging them to apply. The selection refers to the selection process of the best candidates and their job offer.
Approach Positive Negative
Objective Inviting more and more candidates to apply for the vacancy. Collect the most suitable candidate and reject the rest.
Key factor Advertise the work Appointment of the candidate
Sequence First Second
Process Vacancies are communicated by the company through various sources and the application form made available to the candidate. The company passes the applicant through various levels such as submitting forms, written tests, interviews, medical tests and so on.
Contract report Since recruitment only involves the communication of vacancies, no contractual relationship is established. The selection involves the creation of a contractual relationship between the employer and the employee.
Method Cheap Expensive

Definition of recruitment

Recruitment is a process to discover potential candidates and encourage them to apply for the vacancy. a long process that involves a series of activities that starts with the analysis of the job requirements and ends with the appointment of the employee. The activities involved in recruiting employees are as below:

  • Analyzing the work requirements
  • Advertising of the vacancy
  • Attract candidates to apply for the job
  • Response management
  • Checking the questions
  • Finalist candidates

Recruitment is carried out by human resources managers both internally and externally. The sources of internal recruitment are promotion, transfers, relegated employees, contacts or contacts, former employees, retired employees, etc. On the other hand, the sources of external recruitment are recruitment through advertising, recruitment on campus, recruitment with hiring, third-party recruitment (recruitment agencies), internet recruitment, unsolicited candidates, etc.

Definition of selection

The selection is an activity in which the organization selects a fixed number of candidates from a large number of candidates. It involves the actual appointment of the employee to fill the vacant positions of the company. The term selection indicates the placement of the right man in the right place. We all know that many people apply for a single job at the time of hiring, where recruiters have to decide which candidate fits best for the job.

The selection also includes a series of activities that are given as below:

  • Selection
  • Delete unsuitable candidates
  • Conduct the exam as aptitude test, intelligence test, performance test, personality test, etc.
  • Interview
  • Checking the references
  • Medical test

The selection process takes a long time because human resource managers must identify the eligibility of each candidate for the post. In addition to this, the qualification, background, age, etc. They are also some of the most important factors in which they must pay the most attention. After this, even the written exam and the interview are a very difficult task.

Key differences between recruitment and selection

The following points are substantial as regards the difference between recruitment and selection:

  1. The recruitment process to find candidates for the vacant position and stimulate them to apply for this. Selection means collecting the best candidate from the list of candidates and offering them the job.
  2. Recruiting is a positive process as it attracts more and more job seekers to apply for the job. Conversely, selection is a negative process in that it rejects all unsuitable candidates.
  3. The recruitment aims to invite more and more candidates to apply for the vacant position. On the contrary, the selection aims at rejecting unsuitable candidates and appointing the right candidates for the job.
  4. The recruitment activity is quite simple because in this case the recruiter does not have to pay more attention to the candidate's scrutiny, while the selection is a complex activity because in this the employer wants to know every minute detail of each candidate so that he can choose the perfect match for the job that requires a thorough investigation.
  5. Recruitment consumes less time as it involves only identifying the needs of the job and stimulating the candidates to apply for the same. Conversely, the selection involves a wide range of activities, from the selection of candidates to their appointment.
  6. In recruitment, the company communicates to candidates about the availability of jobs through various sources such as the Internet, newspapers, magazines, etc. And distribute the form to candidates so they can be easily applied. Unlike us, in the selection process, the company ensures that the candidate goes through various stages such as the submission of the form, the written exam, the interview, the medical exam, etc.
  7. No contractual relationship between employer and employee is created in recruitment. Unlike the selection, where both the employer and the employee are bound by the employment contract.
  8. Recruiting is an economic process while selecting an expensive process.


The success of any company depends on its employees. If the perfect employee for a job, then the entire organization will enjoy the benefits of its unbeatable success. Recruitment and selection help in choosing the right candidate for the right place. Helps reduce an organization's losses.