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Difference between gross, operating and net profit

Gross, as the name suggests, the full amount received by the entity from any business, without giving effect to deductions such as expenses. Gross Income indicates the amount by which the company's revenues replace production costs. On the other hand, the network is defined as the actual value left after effecting deductions such as expenses. So, the net income implies the actual income earned by the company after subtracting all expenses and losses.

The terms gross income and net income are very commonly used in the business, accounting and financial context. Even in terms of taxation, the terms are equally important, as they determine the taxable income of a person or entity. Therefore, an individual should know the difference between these two, to manage finance in a better way.

Comparative graph

Basis for comparison Gross income Net income
Sense Total income of any person or company without deductions or expenses. The remaining income that arrived after deducting various expenses and taxes from the gross income.
Calculation Sales – Cost of goods sold Gross income – (Expenses + taxes)
interdependence Gross income does not depend on net income. Net profit depends on gross income.
QTY tall Comparatively less
Deduction of expenses operating Not operational

Definition of gross income

The forward gross income can be used for both, an individual and company income. As we talk about an individual's gross income, the amount he receives from all sources (salary, profit, capital gains, rental income and any other form of income such as a pension, etc.).

Now, if we talk about the gross income of a company, the total of all the revenues earned by the company excluding the various costs charged for producing and bringing goods in the current place and conditions. income without adjustments and allocations.

Definition of net income

The term net income can also be used for an individual and company income. The net income of an individual, the amount left after all deductions from gross income, but if we discuss the amount left over after reducing all expenses (sales and distribution, office and administration), interest , taxes, losses and other allocations (such as dividends).

the amount remaining after all the adjustments (eg. In this, non-operating income also included in rental income, profit from the sale of goods.

Key differences between gross income and net income

The fundamental differences between gross income and net income are discussed as follows:

  1. The amount of income without reducing expenses is gross income. The amount left over after reducing the expenses known as net income.
  2. Gross income always exceeds net income.
  3. The net profit comes after all the adjustments and appropriations from the gross income.
  4. The main difference between gross and net income and net income always depends on gross income.
  5. Operating expenses are reduced by gross income while non-operating expenses are reduced by net income.


  • Helps to identify significant business expenses.
  • A complete analysis of business income.
  • Based on revenue
  • Calculated for a certain period


The two types of business income are closely intertwined, such as net income, a part of gross income. For the calculation of net income, the calculation of gross income is a must and for this reason they are not contradictory. Both have their relevance in their place and both are part of the financial analysis of corporate income. The two entities are calculated for a particular financial year and are useful for making comparisons. The two entities are advantageous in the analysis of how the various resources of the company are allocated in an effective and efficient way.