After years of waiting, finally there fiber optic network in Italy is becoming reality. The possibility of accessing broadband or even ultra-broadband is, finally, a real possibility for many Italians. We can say goodbye to traditional ADSL connections, able to reach a maximum download speed of 20 Mega, because now we can exploit all the potential of the fiber up to 1000 Mega. But be careful, because many operators claim that Fiber connections are not Fiber. With this article we want to clarify once and for all what optical fiber means and what are the technical characteristics to guarantee the fiber speed with the greatest potential.
Before answering the question on speedoptic fiber, necessary to clarify the different types of fiber. A term that recently requested clarification last July from AGCOM following misleading advertisements by some operators.
What is the Fiber
Fiber is defined as a connection with Ftth or Fttb technology, in simple terms, when the cable reaches the home or the condominium. Therefore, from this moment on the telephone operators will have to make clear the "… different types of physical infrastructure used for the provision of connectivity services"To the end user. With this resolution,Agcom thus puts a fixed point in this service, blocking a series of irregularities found,involving sanctions against the main Italian operators.
Therefore, be careful when signing a new contract for the connection to the Fiber, because the operators will have to provide maximum transparency both in the commercials but also in the contractual contents on the physical infrastructures that provide the services.
Specifically, telephone operators can use the term fiber without any other technical specification, only if the infrastructure reaches the condominium building (FTTB) or up to the user's housing unit (FTTH). So check carefully that the infrastructure is not of type FTTC (Fiber to the Cabinet), because it means that the Fibra network arrives only up to the power plant closest to you, while from the central to the house you use an unsuitable cable to meet the requirements of the Fiber.
So technology FTTC (Fiber To The Cabinet) a fiber connection that arrives only up to intermediate nodes, such as the street closet and operators will not be able to use the fiber name if it is not followed by the word on mixed copper mesh or on mixed radio network.
A cable ofOptic fiber very different from a common telephone cable. It is a set of very thin very thin transparent strands of fiberglass or plastic polymers, which are the size of a human hair, which are held together by a rubber sheath.
Once we have established the difference between the various infrastructures that make up the Fiber, let's see what it means in terms of speed to be connected to one technology rather than another.
As we have seen, telephone operators offer different solutions. They offer a speed of navigation depending on the type of fiber that reaches the user's home. Operators who make fiber available FTTH(Fiber to the Home) allow you to reach normallya maximum speed of 100 Mega in download and 20 Mega in upload, but it can arrive in some areas and with some operators up to1 Gigabitper second, both in download and in upload. This is the technology that makes the most of the potential of the Internet by offering fast and reliable data transmission, because it is entirely in optical fiber.
What is the optical fiber speed offered by Italian providers?
FTTH optical fiber speed
Fiber with technology FTTH the one that makes the most of the internet connection's potential, because the fiber optic cable reaches the user's home. But what are the operators that offer this type of technology in Italy?
- TIM offers an Ultra-Fast Fiber connection up to 1000 Mega in download and up to 100 Mega in upload.Naturally not in all areas, in fact the offer may be subject to technical speed and geographical limitations. You can check theFiber coverup to home (FTTH).
- Also Fastweboffers Internet browsingmaximum speed available.In the areas covered byFastwebFTTH fiber(Fiber To The Home), withUltrafibrayou can browse up to 1 Gigabit / s in download and up to 200 Mbit / s in upload in the 18 cities of Bari, Bologna, Brescia, Catania, Genoa, Messina, Milan, Monza, Naples, Padua, Palermo, Perugia, Pescara, Rome , Salerno, Turin, Venice and Verona. In other cities, you can browse up to 100 Mbit / s in download and up to 50 Mbit / s in upload.
- Vodafone offers high speed fiber up to 1 GB per second like other operators. Sail at maximum speed up to 1 Gigabit in cities covered by FTTH and up to 100 Megabits in cities covered by FTTC. The cities already provided by Fibra FTTC are:Naples,Bologna,GenoaMilan,Sesto San Giovanni,San Donato Milanese,Cinisello Balsamo,Rozzano,San Giuliano, Milanese,Bresso,Buccinasco,Opera,turin,Bari, Cagliari, Catania,Palermo,Perugia,Venice,Padua.
- WIND offers FIBRA1000 (in FTTH) up to 1000 Mb / s in download and 100 Mb / s in upload by Open Fiber. The FTTH fiber offer (Fiber to the Home) available in Bari, Bologna, Bresso, Buccinasco, Cagliari, Catania, Cinisello Balsamo, Genoa, Milan, Naples, Opera, Orbassano, Padua, Palermo, Perugia, Pescara, Pioltello, Prato, Rozzano , Segrate, Sesto San Giovanni, Settimo Torinese, Turin, Udine, Venaria Reale, Venice, Vimodrone.
The speed guaranteed by the optical fiber allows you to access the web in a decidedly different way compared to ADSL connections. The optical fiber also represents an essential requirement to access the many streaming services of high resolution video content (FullHD and especially UltraHD). For example, one of the reference providers on the market like Netflix recommends a stable connection of at least 25 Mega in download to be able to access streaming video content in UltraHD without any problems. This technology characterizes the new generation televisions and offers a much higher definition than FullHD.