In the hierarchy of jurisdiction, the Supreme Court (SC) of India, is at the highest summit and the primary judicial body and the final court of appeal established by the Indian Constitution. He followed the High Court (HC), that the apex judicial court at state and union level. One of the main differences between the High Court and the Supreme Court is that the sentence issued by the HC can be re-examined in the supervisory committee, but the CS's judgment is final and binding, so there is no further revision of the sentence issued in any case .
There are three branches of the Indian government, executive, legislative and judicial. The Indian judiciary, independent of the other two branches, cannot interfere with the work of the judiciary. And, because of this court it plays a fundamental role in protecting the constitution and making decisions in civil and criminal cases. There are a number of courts at various levels, such as the Supreme Court at the highest level, the High Court at the state level and the District Court at tehsil level.
|Sense||The High Court the apical body, which governs the administration of the State, directed by the Chief Judge of the state.||The Supreme Court the main court of justice in the country presided over by the Chief Judge of India.|
|Number of fields||24||1|
|Supervision||On all courts, under his jurisdiction.||On all courts and courts of the country.|
|Appointment of judges||President in consultation with the Chief Justice of India and the governor of the state concerned.||President|
|Retirement of judges||The judges retire at 62 years.||Judges retire at age 65.|
|supplication||The judges cannot plead before a court while they are in office and, after retirement, they can appeal only to the Court of Cassation.||Judges cannot plead before any court while they are in office and after retirement, within the country.|
About the High Court
High Court, the highest judicial body at state and union level and has jurisdiction over a state, a trade union territory or two or more states and union territories. Indian HC has powers in the form of written, appeal, revision and original orders.
Each court has a main justice and many other judges appointed by the president of India, after consulting the chief justice of the country and the governor of the state. The approved law or the verdicts declared by a particular supreme court are not binding for the other courts of India and for lower courts which are not under its jurisdiction, unless another court voluntarily accepts this order.
About the Supreme Court
The Supreme Court, as its name indicates, is the height of the judicial body, housed in New Delhi, the national capital of India. For the citizens of the country, the highest court of judicial appeal and last court of appeal under the Constitution of India. It enjoys wide powers in matters of written, appeal, original and consultative jurisdiction.
The Supreme Court is also the protector of the Indian constitution. Any law and ordinance approved by the CS binding for all courts and courts in the country. The maximum possible strength of the judges in a SC 31, which includes a head of justice and 30 other judges, who are appointed by the President of India on the basis of specific criteria.
Key differences between the High Court and the Supreme Court
The difference between the High Court and the Supreme Court can be clearly expressed in the following premises:
- The supreme court is the apical body that regulates the law and order of the state, led by the head of state justice. The Supreme Court the main court of justice in the country chaired by the Chief Judge of India.
- There are a total of 24 High Courts in India, of which three HCs have jurisdiction in more than one state. On the other hand, there is only one Supreme Court in the country, located in the National Capital.
- The High Court enjoys the supervision of all the courts under its jurisdiction. Conversely, the Supreme Court has the superintendence over all the courts and courts in the country.
- The President of India appoints the judges of the high court after discussing with the head of justice of India and the governor of the state concerned. On the contrary, the judges of the Supreme Court are appointed by the President of India.
- The retirement age of the judges of the Supreme Court of 62 years, while the judges of the Supreme Court withdraw at the age of 65 years.
- High court judges cannot plead before any court, during their term of office and after retirement, they cannot implore any court under the supreme court. Otherwise, the judges of the supreme court cannot plead before any court during their mandate and after retirement, within the country.
stand as a candidate
High Court To be appointed court judge, a person must first be a citizen of India, who has been:
- In possession of a judicial office for at least ten years in India or
- A lawyer practicing in the court or in two or more such courts, for not less than ten years.
Supreme Court To be appointed Judge of the Supreme Court, first of all, a person must be a citizen of India, which must have been:
- A high court judge consistently for a period of five years or
- A high court lawyer for a minimum of 10 years or
- A distinguished jurist in the opinion of the President of India.
To sum up, we can say that the high court and the supreme court differ in jurisdiction, powers, supervision and so on. In India there is an integrated judicial system, in which the judgments issued by the higher courts are binding on lower courts. To further understand the system, it can be said that if a person believes that the decision taken by the wrong court can appeal to the higher court.