Time Machine a backup software built into macOS introduced with OS X 10.5 Leopard. If you've never used it, Time Machine is one of the easiest ways to run Mac backups in a few steps. In addition to saving data, it is also excellent for recovering individual files or folders that have been deleted or are corrupted. It also allows you to restore your entire Mac hard drive. If you need to backup Macs of all files and save them to an external storage device, I suggest you take a few minutes and read this guide. With this method you can also restore files easily at any time.
How to make Mac backups with Time Machine
This solution to make Mac backups with Time Machine absolutely necessary if you use your Mac for work. In fact, it allows you to avoid loss of important data and projects stored on your internal hard disk or SSD. Works with any hard drive connected to your computer via USB, FireWire or Thunderbolt; also supports Apple's Time Capsule and networked backup disks, provided the disks support Apple File Protocol (AFP) for file sharing. As long as the disc is visible on the Mac, you can use it for a backup with Time Machine.
When enabled, the Apple backup software detects periodic images of all the files and catalogs them on an external hard drive that has been connected or a Time Capsule that is available on the network. You can back up the entire contents of your hard disk at certain times by choosing a daily or weekly frequency; when the backup disk drive fills up, Time Machine deletes the oldest backups and replaces them with new versions.
This system of Mac backup and recovery with Time Machine better than traditional methods of "Copy a group of files to a cloud service" or "clone the hard disk to an external hard drive", Because there is no need to restore the entire hard disk if a single file is lost. Time Machine can retrieve specific files, folders and projects from the backup because of the characteristic of its layered image system.
If you use macOS on a MacBook (and therefore a portable Mac) and enable Time Machine, you can also automatically get a feature called Local snapshot; it allows your laptop to back up once a day (or once a week) even if you are away from the Time Machine disk.
Local snapshot you take a small space of your internal disk for backups, but if space becomes scarce, the old backups will be automatically deleted so as to have free disk space of at least 20%.
How to exclude some specific data from the backup
With this system to perform backup and restore Mac with Time Machine one of the most interesting things is the possibility to exclude some data from the backup. Go to System Preferences> Time Machine and click on the button Options to select all the files you prefer to exclude from the backup.
How to activate backup with Time Machine on the Mac
1. From the Apple menu, select System Preferences.
2. Select the icon Time Machine.
3. Scroll to the Time Machine slider ACTIVE.
4. Click Select backup disk to choose the disk you want to use as a backup with Time Machine.
5. Time Machine formats the hard drive for backups and then starts the first backup within two minutes.
How to do Mac recovery from Time Machine
1. From the Apple menu select again System Preferences, then choose the Time Machine.2 icon. Select Show Time Machine in the menu bar.
3. From the Time Machine menu, select Enter Time Machine.
4. The Time Machine window will open. Here you can browse by files or folders and select the one you want to restore.5. Once the file or folder is found, click on the button Restore.
6. Time Machine restores the files to its original location on the hard drive.
I hope this guide on how to perform Mac backups with Time Machine has been useful for recovering individual files or folders from your backup.
If your Mac starts to show signs of slowing down, you probably need to clean the cache and delete temporary files accumulated over time. If you don't know how to do it, I suggest you read this guide.
Even if you back up your Mac with Time Machine, you may also need to clone Hard Drives. Cloning produces a perfect duplicate of the hard disk, bootable from the Mac itself. Read this guide to find out how.